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Nave Window 3

The Bark of Peter stops at Ephesus, site of the Third Ecumenical Council in the year 431.  Nestorius, patriarch of Constantinople, taught that in Christ there are two persons, and that consequently Mary is not the Mother of God, but of a human person only.  DEI GENETRIX (Mother of God) in the strictest sense was the response of the Council.

The infant resting in the lap of Mary is indeed human and was crucified, but He is at the same time one in nature with the Father, divine.  The two hands of the Father rest on Christ's Cross to illustrate the fact that it was His Son Who was crucified.  Mary's hand likewise rests on the Cross to illustrate that it was her Son who was crucified.  Thus is brought out the oneness of person in the two natures in Christ, emphasizing that Mary became the Mother of God by giving birth to the Son of God, Who assumed human nature of her in order to redeem us.

Mary and Jesus are represented together in the heart of a lily.  This is done to portray the perpetual virginity of Mary in giving birth to Christ.  All this mystery is, as it were, embraced by the Father through Whose goodness the mystery of the Divine Maternity was accomplished.

Certain lines of the design continue outward to form the dove.  The Holy Spirit is inseparable from the Trinity, and through His power the Incarnation took place.

At this important Council Mary was called "the destroyer of all heresies."  At this council, too, preceding heresies were definitely put to an end.  Thus we note the sword destroying these heresies, which are represented in the form of a book.  At the top we perceive half a church window and the eagle, symbolizing the fact that this Council was held in the church of ST. Mary and St. John at Ephesus.

Below the design is a small square with the symbol of the evangelist St. Luke, i.e. the ox.  Of the four Gospels, St. Luke's gives the most extensive account of the Incarnation, birth and childhood of Jesus, learned probably from Our Blessed Lady herself.

At the extreme lower portion of this window we find a censer, a torch and some flowers, symbolizing the joy and exultation of the people when this Council vindicated the honor of Mary by defining that she is truly the Mother of God (DEI GENETRIX).