Read the daily quote from Pope Francis

 

Nave Window 2

As the Bark of Peter moves on we note that the Second Ecumenical Council was held at Constantinople in the year 381 condemning the error of Macedonius, the Council defined the divinity of the Holy Spirit.  The Holy Spirit because He is God, is to be adored even as the Father (simul adoratur).

In the design of this window three interlaced circles like three haloes represent the Blessed Trinity.  Because the primary concern was the divinity of the Holy Spirit, the circle representing Him is the largest.

The divinity of the Holy Spirit is suggested by the wings of the dove overshadowing Our Lady, making fruitful her virginity.  The seven gifts of the Holy Spirit enveloping the Church in the form of seven flames indicate the continuous operation of the same spirit to illuminate and sanctify the Church, while serving as the principle of its unity.  This is likewise a divine operation.

One sees only half of the faces of Mary, Mother of the Church, and the Crucified Jesus, origin of the Church's life, in small detail because the artist intends to emphasize the image of the Holy Spirit. The eye of the Father again recalls that the Trinity is indivisible.

There is a certain unity in symbolism and signification between this window and the first.  The First Council at Constantinople was in a sense an extension of the Council of Nicea.  Together the Councils affirm the Churches teaching concerning the Blessed Trinity.  We are  all familiar with the Creed of Nice Constantinople.

We again perceive the image of the evangelist, this time the lion, symbol of St. Mark.  This is particularly appropriate because ST. Mark begins his Gospel with an account of the manifestation of the Spirit at the beginning of Our Lord's public life.

In the lower frame, the three swords represent the three sons of Constantine; Constantine II, Constantius and Constans, who gought among themselves over the authority of this Council.  The papal Cross indicates the triumph of the Pope, who at the inception of this Council was not even consulted.  It became ecumenical through his approval.